Mangosteen is a fairly common fruit in countries with a subtropical climate. This fruit is not only delicious, it also has the effect of preventing cancer, anti-inflammatory, healthy skin, strengthening the immune system, protecting the heart, preventing diabetes, helping to lose weight. In this article we will guide you to plant and care for mangosteen.
1. Prepare planting tools and soil
You can take advantage of cement bags, sacks, pots, trays, foam boxes that are available indoors or vacant plots in the garden to grow mangosteen. Note: Perforated bottom of the tray for drainage. Planting tools are over 2m in size.
Land for planting
Mangosteen can grow in many different types of soil but it is best with organic clay, thick cultivation, good drainage and near irrigation water.
Mangosteen is a plant that requires a tropical climate with high temperatures, high humidity, abundant rainfall.
The hole was dug with the size of 0.6 x 0.6 x 0.6, applied to each stem with 5 – 10kg of decomposed animal manure, lime and then dried for 15-20 days before planting to treat pathogens in the soil.
2. Choose varieties and grow mangosteen
Mangosteen can be propagated by grafting or seeding. The grafting method is not highly effective because the seedlings have a great loss rate; Grafted trees produce smaller and smaller fruits than those grown with seeds.
Choose big seeds, weighing over 1g from the dead dead fruits. Rinse the song and sow it into the soil or hatch it. Materials of gourd or cassava are rice husk ash, coconut powder or fine sand mixed with organic fertilizer. Frequently moisturize water, 20-30 days after seed will germinate.
When big trees turn to big pots. Be careful not to damage the roots because mangosteen roots are not hairy and very weak. The tree grows very slowly, averaging 2 months of mangosteen for 1 pair of leaves.
Mangosteen trees have large canopy, canopy is luxuriant, so planting trees spaced 7 – 10m apart. Tissue should be prepared 1-2 months before planting. Round model with a diameter of 0.6 – 0.8m, height 0.3 – 0.5m depending on the terrain is high or low. Tissue soil should be mixed with 10 – 20 kg of manure and 200g of NPK 15-15-15.
When the seedlings are 2 years old, they will be planted. At this time, the trees have 12-13 pairs of leaves and 1 level branch. the tree is not falling. When placing plants, be careful not to damage the roots.
3. Take care
Mangosteen does not tolerate direct sunlight, so it is necessary to shade the tree for the first 4-5 years. Regularly weeding mangosteen.
Mangosteen is a tree with great water demand, especially in the period of seedlings and trees that are bearing fruit because after the flowering (December of the calendar) is a period of no rain. Therefore, it is necessary to water the plants, especially at the stage after flowering and fruit.
When the branches are still small, they need to trim the overturned branches and branches to create a canopy for the balanced tree later. When the tree has left fruit, after harvesting, it is necessary to remove the pest, broken branches and branches.
Note that not too much pruning causes the root to be bare, the sun shining directly on the root will harm the tree. To create canopy for dwarf and round trees, cut tops when trees are 8 – 10m high.
Need to apply 10-20kg of manure / year / tree at the beginning or end of the rainy season. In addition, it is necessary to apply NPK fertilizers with high N content to help plants grow faster. Each amount of fertilizer can be reduced depending on the tree canopy, the growth of the tree, the bigger the amount of fertilizer, the more successful the year of the crop year. If plants grow slowly, increase urea fertilizer.
About 4 months after the pollination flower can be harvested. Harvest when the shell color turns red, the young autumn when the new shell turns pink then the rice inside; Old autumn when dark purple fruit skin is hard.